(1) A set of concepts, designations and relationships for a specialised subject area. Sign, Neurologic: An objective physical problem or abnormality identified by a doctor during the Neurological Examination. Chlamydia: (say: kluh-mid-ee-uh) - The most common sexually transmitted (passed) disease in the U.S. Thoracotomy: A surgical incision made in the wall of the chest in order to open up the pleural cavity. CytoToxic T-Cells (CD8+): handle the destruction of host cells, which have become infected by Viruses or other IntraCellular Pathogens. This condition occurs due to certain diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease. Placebo Effect: The apparently beneficial result of a medication or other therapy that has no proven value or effect in the management of a medical problem. White blood cells: (say: white blud sels) - Blood cells that are involved in fighting infection and helping to heal wounds. Ganglion Cysts: Non-cancerous cysts which are filled with fluid occur commonly as lumps, usually on the back portion of the wrist. Ovaries: (say: o-var-eez) - Two organs (about the size of an almond or grape), one on each side of the uterus, in the pelvis of a female. Quintan Fever: A fever that recurs every five days, which is a characteristic of trench fever. Free online lessons. Candidiasis: An infection that is caused by fungi of the genus Candida. Oncologist: A physician specializing in the treatment of cancer, such as radiation oncologist, surgical oncologist, gynecologic oncologist, medical oncologist, and pediatric oncologist. Prednisone is one of the most common drugs of this kind which is prescribed to treat arthritis, and also as an immunosuppressant. Reflux Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus because of the contents of the stomach returning into it. Body Fat Percentage: It is the mass of fat divided by the total body mass. The Pyramidal System is specialized for making discrete movements, its Axons fibers form the Pyramids of the Medulla Oblongata. Hemorrhoids are swellings inside or at the anal sphincter. Genetic Determinant: The unique Antigens that identify all Cells as Self, due to Heredity, ie, HLA, to the Immune System. New inflammatory lesions are seen as, *Bright Spots- HyperIntense (higher fluid content) areas. Xenobiotic: Any substance present in an organism that is not produced normally by it, or is not expected to be found in it. Ocular Hypertension: A condition wherein the eye’s intraocular pressure is higher than normal, without any apparent defects in the visual field or damage to the optic nerve. "Medical Terminology Salary: Median—$24,610 per year Cancellous Tissue: The spongy tissue within bones. Hormone: (say: HOR-moan) - A substance secreted in the body and carried through the Blood-Stream to organs and tissues, where it serves a regulatory function (Hormones travel in the blood and can act, far from the site of secretion). Tampon use can make it easier for bacteria to enter the body. MyxoVirus: A Virus which causes disease in Mucous Tissue such as the Throat, Mouth, or Lung. Weaver Syndrome: This is a genetic condition wherein growth is accelerated and the age of the bone is abnormally advanced which is manifested at birth, abnormal increase in the tone of the muscles, or hypertonia, unusual appearance of the face and cranium, low-pitched hoarse cry, the inability to open the fingers fully, or camptodactyly. Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA): A technique of imaging using low doses of radiation to check the density of bone in order to diagnose osteoporosis. Acute attacks are usually followed by complete or partial remission (the abatement or diminution of symptoms) - A worsening or flare-up of Neurologic Signs and symptoms (such as Numbness, Weakness or Lost Vision), usually associated with Inflammation and DeMyelination in the Brain or Spinal Cord. Besides the onset of sudden fever, the other symptoms nclude malaise, pneumonia, and headache. Neural Plasticity: The ability of the nervous system and the brain to adapt to changes brought about by new conditions, like after an injury. Chlorhydria: Excessive hydrochloric acid inside the stomach. If you need extra vitamins and minerals, you may have to take pills that have them. The unit then sends the information it detects about the heart to health care professionals, by way of radio transmission, for evaluation. Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis: This is a condition which affects children, wherein the ball, or the head, of the thigh bone, also called femoral head, slips out of the neck of the thigh bone, resulting in the hip joint becoming stiff and painful. Absorption: The process wherein nutrients are absorbed by the body from food after digestion. A functional subclass of T-Cells that helps to generate CD8+ Cells and cooperate with B-Cells in the production of AntiBody-mediated responses - CD4+ Cells only recognize Antigens that are presented in association with MHC Class II molecules. Lithotripsy, Extracorporeal Shock Wave (ESWL): A method by which gallstones and bile stones are broken up using shock waves with a specialized tool.

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